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Uncertainty about the Future of the Cuban Adjustment Act Fuels Exodus to the U.S.

ISSN:1089-1560
LADB Article ID: 79838
Category/Department: Cuba
Date: 2015-12-10
By: Daniel Vázquez

The flow of Cubans into the United States has increased since the reestablishment of diplomatic relations between Washington and Havana in December 2014 unleashed controversies and fears about a possible end to, or revision of, the Cuban Adjustment Act (CAA), in place since 1966 and the cause of continuous complaints by the island's government. The announcements from Barack Obama and Raúl Castro that they had agreed to reinitiate bilateral relations were received by the island's 11.2 million inhabitants with surprise, caution and even doubt about the real possibility of immediate benefits. In addition, the revelation that the two administrations had been negotiating in secret for 18 months gave rise to fears that other surprises might be in the works. The rapprochement launched a new wave of migration to the US, both of Cubans living in other nations and of those in the island. Many who left Cuba years ago to live in Europe or Latin America, strangely enough, have continued looking to Florida as their ideal destination, viewing it as a type of second national enclave where more solid economic, cultural, and emotional conditions exist to help them establish themselves.

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